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of forests and healthy forest landscapes.

Forest and Biodiversity Loss

About 10 million hectares of forest are lost a year – an area the size of South Korea. As a result, one million animal and plant species are threatened with extinction.

Importance of Forests

Forests maintain our climate, store carbon, and provide food, wood and medicine. Forests clean our air and water, prevent soil erosion, floods and landslides. They are also home to over 80% of land species, including pollinators and other keystone species.

Agriculture and Deforestation

Agriculture accounts for 80% of tropical deforestation, which supports the demand for beef, soy, palm oil, cocoa, paper, packaging, cosmetics and other product.

Leading to Impact: David Croft

What are the key focus areas and challenges for a company in its responsible sourcing journey?

In this video, David Croft, Reckitt's Global Director of Sustainability, Environment and Human Rights discusses some of the key learnings the UK multinational has had in the past decade.

23 Years in Forest Management and Conservation

From its foundation as Tropical Forest Trust (TFT) in 1999, forest conservation, responsible use and the work to identify and tackle deforestation by harnessing the power of supply chains and working to positively impact people on the ground have been at the heart of the mission of Earthworm Foundation.

"Forestry is not about forests. It is about people."

Listen to Rob McWilliam – forester and Earthworm's Director of Technical Services – discuss the future of forests and what we must focus on to protect and restore them.

How do companies protect and regenerate forests?

How can businesses have a positive impact in the regions they source from? Bastien Sachet, CEO of Earthworm Foundation, explains how Earthworm Foundation works with businesses to protect and regenerate forests. Learn about our approach to regenerating key sourcing regions below.

Looking for corporate guidance to improve the wellbeing of forests in your sourcing areas?

“There is nothing here. No factories. No companies. We have to do this to get by.”

- Cocoa farmer (Leonkro, Ivory Coast)

If the cocoa plantations inside the forest are destroyed, some say it will cut a lifeline for them and their families. Léonkro is a makeshift village that provides temporary homes for people who come from far and wide to plant cocoa and other crops in and around the Cavally Reserve.

His words go to the heart of the challenge faced by those trying to end the destruction that cocoa farming inflicts on Ivory Coast’s forests.

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"Fluctuating prices of palm oil and rising living costs have made me think about the costs and how to supplement my income with alternatives to palm and rubber."

- Jonimon Tinggu (Sabah, Malaysia)

Sabah is Malaysia's second largest palm-producing state, with over 1.35 million hectares of planted area and supplying 6.2% of global palm oil in 2020. Agriculture and forestry sectors have been the primary drivers of both development and deforestation, with 11% of primary forest lost between 2002 and 2020.

Earthworm has been working alongside local stakeholders to support farmers and subsequently alleviate some of the pressure on forests.

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Our work in forest landscapes

Earthworm Foundation and its partners are working to bring health back to key forest landscapes around the globe. Click on a region to learn more about some of these projects:

What is the biggest challenge facing forests today?

In this podcast excerpt, Earthworm Foundation forester Alastair Herd discusses the challenges facing forests today. He also discusses what companies that source from these forests can do to tackle these issues and ensure they are part of the solution rather than contributing to the issue.

Forest Environments to Focus On

Productive forests

'Productive Forest Landscapes' are sourcing regions that cover a mix of Intact Forests, old-growth natural forests, and semi-natural and commercial forest landscapes. These areas face serious threats: long-term forest degradation, wildfires, pest outbreaks, harvesting in Intact Forest Landscapes and other primary forests, and threats to Indigenous and community rights and wellbeing.

Tropical forests

The largest threat to tropical forests is agricultural expansion, which accounts for about 80% of tropical deforestation. Forests are cleared to support our growing population’s demand for beef, soy, palm oil, cocoa, paper, packaging, and other products. As supply chains are complex, solutions need to be focused on creating forest-positive solutions to reverse these trends.

The Healthy Forest Landscape (HFL) Approach

Leading to Impact: Will Gardiner

What has the CEO of the U.K.'s largest biomass-producing company learned in their journey towards responsible sourcing practices?

In this video, Drax's Will Gardiner shares the importance of, as well as the challenges and successes Drax has faced in, their responsible sourcing journey.

"It's not about the amount of money, it's making sure the money gets to the right place."

Charlotte Opal is the Executive Director of the Forest Conservation Fund. Hear her talk about forest protection challenges, working with communities, the concept of forest-positive, and more.


Make a strong commitment to responsible sourcing

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Measure forest health, density and cover

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Organise collective action with actors at the landscape level

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Actively support the conservation of forests in supply chains

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Empower Custodians of the Forest

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Use data to prioritise decisions

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Leveraging data to drive real world change

'What does a 90% deforestation-free supply chain mean? It means 10% of your supply chain is still linked to deforestation. But that's just a figure on a report. But concretely, what does that mean?'

Some of our Supply Chain Analysis team members speak about combining Starling (our satellite monitoring solution we co-developed with Airbus) and supply chain data to help supply chains of large companies prioritise forest protection and conservation actions with their suppliers across various raw materials.

Looking for support to better define your corporate sustainability targets and how to achieve them?

What can be done to better support farmers in your supply chain?


Unhealthy soil can contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and threaten food security.

Businesses can play a vital role in improving food production and mitigating climate change.

Find out what can be done to better support farmers in your supply chain.